|County of Renfrew|
|County seat||Pembroke (independent)|
|• Land||7,419.00 km2 (2,864.49 sq mi)|
|• Density||11.9/km2 (31/sq mi)|
|• Population (census division)||102,394|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||613 and 343|
When Carleton County was withdrawn from Bathurst District in 1838, Renfrew County was severed from part of the remaining Lanark County, but the two remained united for electoral purposes. By 1845, all lands in the District had been surveyed into the following townships:
United Counties of Lanark and Renfrew
Effective January 1, 1850, Bathurst District was abolished, and the "United Counties of Lanark and Renfrew" replaced it for municipal and judicial purposes. The counties remained united for electoral purposes in the Parliament of the Province of Canada, referred to as the County of Lanark, until Renfrew gained its own seat in 1853.
The separation of Renfrew from Lanark began in 1861, with the creation of a Provisional Municipal Council that held its first meeting in June 1861. The United Counties were dissolved in August 1866.
The territory was originally described in 1838 as consisting of:
...the Townships of Packenham, McNab, Horton, Ross, Westmeath and Pembroke, together with the unsurveyed lands within the District of Bathurst, and all the islands in the Ottawa River, wholly or in greater part opposite to the said Townships and unsurveyed lands...
In 1851, Pakenham was transferred to Lanark, while Renfrew was expanded through the addition of:
...all that tract of land lying between the Western Boundaries of the Townships of Lavant, Blithfield, Admaston, Bromley, Stafford and Pembroke and the Ottawa River, and a line drawn parallel to the general course of the said Boundaries of the said Townships from the western corner of the Township of Clarendon to the Ottawa River.
In 1860, the newly surveyed townships of Miller and Canonto were transferred to Frontenac County, while the townships of Raglan, Lyndoch, Radcliffe and Brudenell were added to Renfrew. The final expansion of the County occurred in 1877-1878, with the transfer of the United Townships of Hagarty, Sherwood, Jones, Richards and Burns, and the United Townships of Head, Clara and Maria, from Nipissing District.
Once all lands had been surveyed, the County consisted of the following townships:
Municipal reorganization (2001)
|Current municipality||consisting of the townships of|
|Town of Arnprior|
|Town of Deep River|
|Town of Laurentian Hills||
|Town of Petawawa||
|Town of Renfrew|
|Township of Admaston/Bromley||
|Township of Bonnechere Valley||
|Township of Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan||
|Township of Greater Madawaska||
|Township of Head, Clara and Maria||
|Township of Horton||
|Township of Killaloe, Hagarty and Richards||
|Township of Laurentian Valley||
|Township of Madawaska Valley||
|Township of McNab/Braeside||
|Township of North Algona Wilberforce||
|Township of Whitewater Region||
Renfrew County is known for its lakeside cottages and white-water rafting along the Ottawa River, and has more than 900 lakes. It is located in the primary region of Southern Ontario and the secondary region Eastern or Southeastern Ontario. Renfrew County is also the largest county in terms of area in Ontario, ahead of Hastings County.
As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Renfrew County had a population of 106,365 living in 44,952 of its 51,134 total private dwellings, a change of 3.9% from its 2016 population of 102,394. With a land area of 7,357.94 km2 (2,840.92 sq mi), it had a population density of 14.5/km2 (37.4/sq mi) in 2021.
|Population||106,365 (+3.9% from 2016)||102,394 (1.1% from 2011)||101,326 (3.9% from 2006)|
|Land area||7,357.94 km2 (2,840.92 sq mi)||7,440.81 km2 (2,872.91 sq mi)|
|Population density||14.5/km2 (38/sq mi)||13.6/km2 (35/sq mi)|
|Median age||45.2 (M: 43.2, F: 47.2)|
|Private dwellings||44,955 (total)||49,860 (total)||48,229 (total)|
|Median household income|
Arts and culture
- Silver Quilty, Canada's Sports Hall of Fame inductee
- List of numbered roads in Renfrew County
- List of municipalities in Ontario
- List of Ontario counties
- Renfrew County municipal elections, 2010
- List of townships in Ontario
- List of secondary schools in Ontario#Renfrew County
- "Renfrew County census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Archived from the original on 2015-07-25. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
- An Act to erect certain townships now forming parts of the Districts of Bathurst, Johnstown and Ottawa, into a separate District, to be called the District of Dalhousie, and for other purposes therein mentioned, S.U.C. 1838, c. 25, s. 23
- An Act for better defining the limits of the Counties and Districts in Upper Canada, for erecting certain new Townships, for detaching Townships from some Counties and attaching them to others, and for other purposes relative to the division of Upper Canada into Townships, Counties and Districts, S.Prov.C. 1845, c. 7, Sch. A, B
- An Act for abolishing the Territorial Division of Upper-Canada into Districts, and for providing temporary Unions of Counties for Judicial and other purposes, and for the future dissolutions of such Unions, as the increase of wealth and population may require, S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 78, Sch. B
- An Act to make certain alterations in the Territorial Divisions of Upper Canada, S.Prov.C. 1851, c. 5, Sch. C
- An Act to enlarge the Representation of the People of this Province in Parliament, S.Prov.C. 1853, c. 152, s. 2(19)
- An Act to provide for the separation of the County of Renfrew from the County of Lanark, S.Prov.C. 1861, c. 51
- Mitchell, S.E. (1919). "The County Council". In Smallfield, W.E.; Campbell, Rev. Robert (eds.). The Story of Renfrew: From the Coming of the First Settlers about 1820. Vol. One. Renfrew: Smallfield & Son. p. 191.
- An Act to amend "An Act respecting the Territorial Division of Upper Canada", S.Prov.C. 1860, c. 39
- Proclamations of June 2, 1877 and January 6, 1878, implementing An Act to apply the Municipal Law to certain Townships in the District of Nipissing, S.O. 1877, c. 30
- Restructured municipalities - Ontario map #5 (Map). Restructuring Maps of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. 2006. Archived from the original on May 11, 2020. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
- Renfrew County, Ontario, Canada located in the Ottawa Valley, County of Renfrew
- "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
- "2021 Community Profiles". 2021 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 4, 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-27.
- "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 12, 2021.
- "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
- "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
- "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.